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M1 Abrams

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M1 Abrams
M1A1 Abrams
Origin Flag of the United States United States
Role Battle Tank
Manufacturer Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant
Primary user U.S. Army
General characteristics
Crew 4
Length 32.04 ft (9.77 m)
Width 12 ft (3.66 m)
Height 8 ft (2.44 m)
Loaded weight 62 tons
Performance
Armament 120 mm L/44 M256A1 smoothbore gun
1 × .50-caliber (12.7 mm) M2HB heavy machine gun with 900 rounds
2 × 7.62 mm (.308 in) M240 machine guns with 10,400 rounds
Engine Honeywell AGT1500C multi-fuel turbine engine
1,500 shp (1,120 kW)
Speed 45 mph (72 km/h)
Range 426 km (265 mi)

The M1 Abrams main battle tank is the principal combat tank of the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps, with three main versions being deployed starting in 1980: the M1, M1A1, and M1A2. The latest versions of the M1A2 have a new armor and electronics package. It is named after General Creighton Abrams, former Army Chief of Staff and commander of the Army's 37th Armored Regiment.

The M1 Abrams replaced the M60 Patton in U.S. service, as well as the M48A5. It did, however, serve alongside the M60A3, which had entered service just two years before the M1 (in 1978), for over a decade.

BackgroundEdit

The first attempt to replace the aging M60 tank was the MBT-70, made with Germany. The M60 Patton was itself a gradual evolution of design starting with the M26 Pershing, with a very tall profile, and fairly average armor and weapon compared to the contemporary Soviet designs. The MBT-70 was very ambitious, like many American weapons programs of the 1960s. It had a gun launched missile system, kneeling suspension, a driver housed in the turret, and various other ideas that ultimately proved unsuccessful. Cancellation of this project paved the way for the much more successful M1 Abrams tank, which did not incorporate most of the troublesome innovations tried by the MBT-70.

Usage in Ghost ReconEdit

American M1 tanks fought against Russian ultranationalists in 2008 and also fought in the Eritrean war of 2009.

In 2013, 50 M1 tanks were transferred to Mexico as part of NAJSA. They were seized by General Ontiveros' forces, but the Ghosts led by Captain Scott Mitchell were able to defeat the Mexican warlord.

TriviaEdit

AppearancesEdit

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